Journal of Management
REPRODUCIBILITY, REPLICATION, AND GENERALIZABILITY STUDIES
Reproducibility studies analyze the same data as the original study, following the original study’s analytic strategy as closely as possible or with superior analytic methods.
Replication studies test the same effect and model using the same or superior methods in a sample that differs from the original study but is from the same population. The purpose of direct replications is to examine whether past results are sample-specific, while the purpose of constructive replications is to gradually improve upon the original study/studies with regard to the methods, measures, design, or analytical techniques employed.
Generalizability studies test the boundary conditions of past work by gradually altering the population or empirical context to obtain a deeper understanding of the generalizability of the studied effects.
TESTING COMPETING THEORIES
An evaluation of competing theories applies two (or more) different theoretical perspectives to test the same phenomenon. These papers focus on both common ground and differences between theories with regard to (a) assumptions, (b) levels of analysis, (c) constructs, and/or (d) methods. The goal of these studies is, through empirics, to jointly demonstrate the relative strengths and weaknesses of the theoretical perspectives and should be focused on providing evidence of where the theories apply to a greater or lesser degree.
TESTING PREVIOUSLY UNTESTED THEORIES
Tests of previously published, but untested, theories should focus on rigorous research design and execution with appropriate samples. Providing a transparent description of this initial theory test is paramount, so that it can be replicated in the future.
THEORY TESTING WITH QUALITATIVE METHODS
JOMSR also welcomes papers that test theory using qualitative methods. As qualitative methods are much more frequently used for theory generation, there is going to be a very narrow scope for theory testing with qualitative methods.
Naturally, theory testing with qualitative methods takes a very different form from theory testing with quantitative methods. Qualitative theory testing is a relatively novel and rare application of qualitative methods in the management field. As such, we are also looking forward to submissions that employ innovative theory testing using qualitative methods.
THEORY TESTING METHODOLOGY PAPERS
JOMSR also publishes papers that discuss and outline methodological issues related to the design, execution, and interpretation of theory testing studies.
In the end, scientific progress depends not only on conducting and publishing more theory testing studies, but also in improving our methodological sophistication and rigor in conceptualizing and executing tests of existing theories.